Our Goals

  • Establish Ending The Game as “Evidence-Based”.  (There are currently no intervention curricula for sex trafficking survivors in the U.S. with this designation.)
  • Contribute valuable research and best practices in the field of trafficking survivor resiliency.

Where We Are

  • 2014: In collaboration with UC Davis Northern California Training Academy, began developing participant and facilitator surveys to evaluate the effectiveness of ETG.
  • 2015: Began collecting IRB-approved pre and post curriculum surveys from dozens of participants and facilitators across various demographics, collecting both qualitative and quantitative research.
  • 2016: Established a 2nd research partnership with University of Nebraska, Lincoln; continued refining evaluative materials and collecting evaluations.
  • 2017: Ending The Game Curriculum was named a “Promising Practice” after the first round of program evaluations. We presented the first round of findings at the Human Trafficking RADAR Conference.  See presentation highlights.
  • 2018: Ending The Game research team collected survey evaluations from more than 120 Ending The Game survivor-participants.
  • 2019:  Usacheva, M., Smalley, C., Hatton-Bowers, H., Hafer, N., & Brooks, S. (2019, March). Ending the Game: A Multi-Site Trauma-Informed Psychoeducational Curriculum for Victims of Commercial Sexual Exploitation. Poster session presented at the 2019 Society for Research in Child Development Biennial Meeting, Baltimore, MD.
  • Ongoing: Continue toward “Evidence-Based” qualification by evaluating findings and conducting interviews with over 580 trained ETG Facilitators in 23 states (and growing!).

    What We Are Finding

    What The Research is Finding…

    • Reduction in AWOL behavior and recidivism to commercial sexual exploitation
    • Reduction in feelings of attachment to a trafficker or the trafficking lifestyle
    • Increase in knowledge about psychological coercion
    • Increase in feelings of self-esteem and worth outside “the life”

    This letter was written by an ETG student after completing the course.
    See February 2017 ETG Program Evaluation Findings presentation.




    I am convinced that ETG is an essential part of healing for this population because of the impact I observed in both (community-based and residential) settings.

    Karen Kutzner

    ETG Facilitator, Worthwhile Wear (Silverdale, PA)

    The women are relating to the material and, to my surprise, are really being transparent and opening up. Thank you for the training and developing this program. I already see a change starting in some of them. It’s a precious gift to me.

    Marguerite Hawes

    ETG Facilitator, Gospel Center Rescue Mission (Stockton, CA)

    The curriculum is well thought out, blending the influences of psychological theory with down-to-earth real shared experiences, making it a vey powerful and capable tool in reaching even the most at risk girls.

    Tamara Fleck-Myers, LMFT

    Executive Director, Casa de Amparo (San Marcos, CA)

    Would you like the ETG curriculum for your organization



    Watch our free one-hour supporter training video

    Experience ETG Supporter Training for yourself. In this one-hour preview, Rachel Thomas discusses psychological coercion.